GFW uses a modified version of the Appalachian Regional Reforestation Initiative’s (ARRI) Forestry Reclamation Approach (FRA) to address mines that were reclaimed using pre-FRA methods (i.e. heavy soil compaction). The modified FRA calls for removing or controlling exotic, invasive vegetation, followed by cross-ripping the soil at least 3 feet deep to loosen compacted ground. Then, a mix of high-value, native trees and shrubs are properly planted by volunteers and/or professional tree planters. By following these steps, GFW is converting compromised lands back into healthy and productive native forests that will provide sustainable economic development and opportunities for entrepreneurship. Below are more details about each step of the process.